The mount is the highest point in Africa with an elevation of 5,895 meters above the sea level. It is ranked 4th in the world. The Kilimanjaro Mountain with snow capped at the top is located just after the Equator line about 3º75' south of Equator. Kilimanjaro Mountain is composed of 3 volcanoes peaks. Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. Mawenzi and Shira, are extinct while Kibo is dormant.
Kilimanjaro National Park covers an area of 755 sq. kilometers. The slopes of the mountain contains considerable number of bird species, some are endemic/rarer associated with the older forests of the Eastern Arc Mountains. Permanent and seasonal swamps fed by the Kilimanjaro Mountain provide breeding habitat for several uncommon bird species.